Release Guide

How to publish a bRPC release

brpc apache release guide step by step

Overview: divided into the following steps

  1. Preparation: including generating the key required for signature, creating github release branch and tag, modifying the version file, etc
  2. Publish software package: including making source tarball, signing, uploading to the designated location and verifying
  3. Vote: including voting in mail group dev@brpc.apache.org and general@incubator.apache.org
  4. Release announcement: including updating brpc website, sending announcement emails, posting WeChat official account announcements, merging the release branche into the master branch

Prepare key

1. Install GPG

Download the installation package from GnuPG official website. The commands of GnuPG version 1.x and version 2.x are slightly different. The following instructions take the GnuPG-2.3.1 version (OSX) as an example.

After the installation is complete, execute the following command to check the version number.

gpg --version

2. Create key

After the installation is complete, execute the following command to create a key.

gpg --full-gen-key

Complete the key creation according to the prompts. Note that the mailbox should use the Apache email address, and the Real Name can use Apache ID or GitHub ID:

gpg (GnuPG) 2.3.1; Copyright (C) 2021 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

Please select what kind of key you want:
   (1) RSA and RSA
   (2) DSA and Elgamal
   (3) DSA (sign only)
   (4) RSA (sign only)
   (9) ECC (sign and encrypt) *default*
  (10) ECC (sign only)
  (14) Existing key from card
Your selection? 1
RSA keys may be between 1024 and 4096 bits long.
What keysize do you want? (3072) 4096
Requested keysize is 4096 bits
Please specify how long the key should be valid.
         0 = key does not expire
      <n>  = key expires in n days
      <n>w = key expires in n weeks
      <n>m = key expires in n months
      <n>y = key expires in n years
Key is valid for? (0) 0
Key does not expire at all
Is this correct? (y/N) y

GnuPG needs to construct a user ID to identify your key.

Real name: LorinLee
Email address: lorinlee@apache.org
Comment: lorinlee's key
You selected this USER-ID:
    "LorinLee (lorinlee's key) <lorinlee@apache.org>"

Change (N)ame, (C)omment, (E)mail or (O)kay/(Q)uit? O
You need a Passphrase to protect your secret key. # Input password

We need to generate a lot of random bytes. It is a good idea to perform
some other action (type on the keyboard, move the mouse, utilize the
disks) during the prime generation; this gives the random number
generator a better chance to gain enough entropy.
gpg: key 92E18A11B6585834 marked as ultimately trusted
gpg: revocation certificate stored as '/Users/lilei/.gnupg/openpgp-revocs.d/C30F211F071894258497F46392E18A11B6585834.rev'
public and secret key created and signed.

pub   rsa4096 2021-10-17 [SC]
      C30F211F071894258497F46392E18A11B6585834
uid                      LorinLee (lorinlee's key) <lorinlee@apache.org>
sub   rsa4096 2021-10-17 [E]

3. Check the generated key

gpg --list-keys

output:

gpg: checking the trustdb
gpg: marginals needed: 3  completes needed: 1  trust model: pgp
gpg: depth: 0  valid:   2  signed:   0  trust: 0-, 0q, 0n, 0m, 0f, 2u
/Users/lilei/.gnupg/pubring.kbx
----------------------------------
pub   rsa4096 2021-10-17 [SC]
      C30F211F071894258497F46392E18A11B6585834
uid           [ultimate] LorinLee (lorinlee's key) <lorinlee@apache.org>
sub   rsa4096 2021-10-17 [E]

Note that C30F211F071894258497F46392E18A11B6585834 is the public key.

4. Publish the public key to server

Execute the following command:

gpg --keyserver hkp://pgp.mit.edu --send-key C30F211F071894258497F46392E18A11B6585834

5. Generate fingerprint and upload to apache user profile

Since the public key server has no verifying mechanism, anyone can upload the public key in your name, so there is no way to guarantee the reliability of the public key on the server. Usually, you can publish a public key fingerprint on your website and let others check the downloaded public key.

Execute the following command to view the fingerprint.

gpg --fingerprint lorinlee # user id

output:

/Users/lilei/.gnupg/pubring.kbx
----------------------------------
pub   rsa4096 2021-10-17 [SC]
      C30F 211F 0718 9425 8497  F463 92E1 8A11 B658 5834
uid           [ultimate] LorinLee (lorinlee's key) <lorinlee@apache.org>
sub   rsa4096 2021-10-17 [E]

Paste the above fingerprint C30F 211F 0718 9425 8497 F463 92E1 8A11 B658 5834 into the OpenPGP Public Key Primary Fingerprint: field of your Apache user information on https://id.apache.org.

Prepare release package

1. Create release branch

If you are releasing a new MINOR version, like 1.0.0, you need to create a new branch release-1.0 from master.

If you are releasing a new PATCH version from existing MINOR version, like 1.0.1, you only need to modify the existing release-1.0 branch and add the content to be released.

The code modification during the release process are performed on the release branch (such as release-1.0). After the release is complete, please merge the release branch back into the master branch.

2. Update version in source code

Update RELEASE_VERSION file

Edit the RELEASE_VERSION file in the project root directory, update the version number, and submit it to the code repository. For example, the 1.0.0 version of the file is:

1.0.0

Update CMakeLists.txt file

Edit the CMakeLists.txt file in the project root directory, update the version number, and submit it to the code repository. For example:

set(BRPC_VERSION 1.0.0)

Update /package/rpm/brpc.spec file

Edit the /package/rpm/brpc.spec file in the project root directory, update the version number, and submit it to the code repository. For example:

Version:	1.0.0

3. Create releasing tag

push the release branch to tag, For example:

git clone -b release-1.0 git@github.com:apache/brpc.git ~/brpc

cd ~/brpc

git tag -a 1.0.0 -m "release 1.0.0"

git push origin --tags

4. Create releasing package

git archive --format=tar 1.0.0 --prefix=apache-brpc-1.0.0-incubating-src/ | gzip > apache-brpc-1.0.0-incubating-src.tar.gz

5. Generate GPG signature

gpg -u lorinlee@apache.org --armor --output apache-brpc-1.0.0-incubating-src.tar.gz.asc --detach-sign apache-brpc-1.0.0-incubating-src.tar.gz

gpg --verify apache-brpc-1.0.0-incubating-src.tar.gz.asc apache-brpc-1.0.0-incubating-src.tar.gz

6. Generate SHA512 sum

sha512sum apache-brpc-1.0.0-incubating-src.tar.gz > apache-brpc-1.0.0-incubating-src.tar.gz.sha512

sha512sum --check apache-brpc-1.0.0-incubating-src.tar.gz.sha512

Publish to Apache SVN repository

1. checkout dist/dev/brpc directory

If there is no local working directory, create a local working directory first. Clone the Apache SVN repository, username needs to use your own Apache LDAP username:

mkdir -p ~/brpc_svn/dev/

cd ~/brpc_svn/dev/

svn --username=lorinlee co https://dist.apache.org/repos/dist/dev/brpc/

cd ~/brpc_svn/dev/brpc

2. Add GPG public key

A new release manager must add the key into KEYS file for the first time.

(gpg --list-sigs lorinlee && gpg -a --export lorinlee) >> KEYS

3. Add the releasing package to SVN directory

mkdir -p ~/brpc_svn/dev/brpc/1.0.0

cd ~/brpc_svn/dev/brpc/1.0.0

cp ~/brpc/apache-brpc-1.0.0-incubating-src.tar.gz ~/brpc_svn/dev/brpc/1.0.0

cp ~/brpc/apache-brpc-1.0.0-incubating-src.tar.gz.asc ~/brpc_svn/dev/brpc/1.0.0

cp ~/brpc/apache-brpc-1.0.0-incubating-src.tar.gz.sha512 ~/brpc_svn/dev/brpc/1.0.0

4. Submit SVN

Return to the parent directory and use the Apache LDAP account to submit SVN

cd ~/brpc_svn/dev/brpc

svn add *

svn --username=lorinlee commit -m "release 1.0.0"

Verify release

1. Verify SHA512 sum

sha512sum --check apache-brpc-1.0.0-incubating-src.tar.gz.sha512

2. Verify GPG signature

First import the publisher’s public key. Import KEYS from the svn repository to the local. (The person who releases the version does not need to import it again. The person who verify needs to import it.)

curl https://dist.apache.org/repos/dist/dev/brpc/KEYS >> KEYS

gpg --import KEYS

Trust the signature of publisher, execute the following command using the publisher’s user name

gpg --edit-key lorinlee

output:

gpg (GnuPG) 2.3.1; Copyright (C) 2021 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

Secret key is available.

gpg> trust

Please decide how far you trust this user to correctly verify other users' keys
(by looking at passports, checking fingerprints from different sources, etc.)

  1 = I don't know or won't say
  2 = I do NOT trust
  3 = I trust marginally
  4 = I trust fully
  5 = I trust ultimately
  m = back to the main menu

Your decision? 5
Do you really want to set this key to ultimate trust? (y/N) y

gpg> save

Then verify the GPG signature:

gpg --verify apache-brpc-1.0.0-incubating-src.tar.gz.asc apache-brpc-1.0.0-incubating-src.tar.gz

3. Check release content

1. Compare the difference of between the source code package and github tag

curl -Lo tag-1.0.0.tar.gz https://github.com/apache/brpc/archive/refs/tags/1.0.0.tar.gz

tar xvzf tag-1.0.0.tar.gz

tar xvzf apache-brpc-1.0.0-incubating-src.tar.gz

diff -r brpc-1.0.0 apache-brpc-1.0.0-incubating-src

2. Check file content

  • Check whether the source code package contains unnecessary files, which makes the tarball too large
  • LICENSE and NOTICE files exist
  • The year in the NOTICE file is correct
  • Only text files exist, no binary files exist
  • All files have an ASF license at the beginning
  • Source code can be compiled correctly, and the unit test can pass
  • Check whether there are redundant files or folders, such as empty folders
  • Check for third-party dependency licenses:
    • Third party dependency license compatibility
    • All licenses of third-party dependency are declared in the LICENSE file
    • The complete version of the dependency license is in the license directory
    • If third-party dependency have the Apache license and have NOTICE files, these NOTICE files also need to be added to the releasing NOTICE file

Vote in Apache brpc community

1. Vote stage

  1. Send a voting email to dev@brpc.apache.org. PPMC needs to check the correctness of the version according to the document before voting. After at least 72 hours and 3 +1 PPMC member votes, you can move to the next stage.

  2. Announce the voting results and send the voting results to dev@brpc.apache.org

2. Vote email template

  1. Apache brpc community vote email template

Title:

[VOTE] Release Apache brpc 1.0.0

Content:

Note: Release Commit ID fills in the commit ID of the last commit of the current release branch.

Hi Apache brpc Community,

This is a call for vote to release Apache brpc version
1.0.0

[Release Note]
- xxx

The release candidates:
https://dist.apache.org/repos/dist/dev/incubator/brpc/1.0.0/

Git tag for the release:
https://github.com/apache/brpc/releases/tag/1.0.0

Release Commit ID:
https://github.com/apache/brpc/commit/xxx

Keys to verify the Release Candidate:
https://dist.apache.org/repos/dist/dev/incubator/brpc/KEYS

The vote will be open for at least 72 hours or until the necessary number of
votes are reached.

Please vote accordingly:
[ ] +1 approve
[ ] +0 no opinion
[ ] -1 disapprove with the reason

PMC vote is +1 binding, all others are +1 non-binding.

Checklist for reference:
[ ] Download links are valid.
[ ] Checksums and PGP signatures are valid.
[ ] Source code distributions have correct names matching the current
release.
[ ] LICENSE and NOTICE files are correct for each brpc repo.
[ ] All files have license headers if necessary.
[ ] No compiled archives bundled in source archive.

Regards,
LorinLee
  1. Apache brpc community announcement of vote result template

Title:

[Result] [VOTE] Release Apache brpc 1.0.0

Content:

Hi all,

The vote to release Apache brpc 1.0.0 has passed.

The vote PASSED with 3 binding +1, 3 non binding +1 and no -1 votes:

Binding votes:
- xxx
- yyy 
- zzz 

Non-binding votes:
- aaa
- bbb
- ccc

Vote thread: xxx (vote email link in https://lists.apache.org/)

Thank you to all the above members to help us to verify and vote for the 1.0.0 release. We will move to IPMC voting shortly.

Regards,
LorinLee

3. Vote not passed

If the community vote is not passed, please modify the code of the release branch, package and vote again.

Vote in Apache incubator community

1. Update GPG Signature

svn delete https://dist.apache.org/repos/dist/release/brpc/KEYS -m "delete KEYS"

svn cp https://dist.apache.org/repos/dist/dev/brpc/KEYS https://dist.apache.org/repos/dist/release/brpc/KEYS -m "update brpc KEYS"

After commit the svn, access https://downloads.apache.org/brpc/KEYS, check whether the content is updated. It may take several minutes to wait for the content to be updated before continuing.

2. Vote stage

  1. Send voting email to general@incubator.apache.org. IPMC will vote. After at least 72 hours and 3 +1 IPMC member tickets are counted, you can move to the next stage.
  2. Announce the voting results by sending the voting results to general@incubator.apache.org.

3. Vote email template

  1. Apache Incubator community vote email template

Title:

[VOTE] Release Apache brpc 1.0.0

Content:

Hi Incubator Community,

This is a call for a vote to release Apache brpcversion
1.0.0.

The Apache brpc community has voted and approved the release of Apache
brpc 1.0.0.

We now kindly request the Incubator PMC members review and vote on this
incubator release.

brpc is an industrial-grade RPC framework with extremely high performance,
and it supports multiple protocols, full rpc features, and has many
convenient tools.

brpc community vote thread: xxx

Vote result thread: xxx

The release candidate:
https://dist.apache.org/repos/dist/dev/incubator/brpc/1.0.0/

This release has been signed with a PGP available here:
https://downloads.apache.org/incubator/brpc/KEYS

Git tag for the release:
https://github.com/apache/brpc/releases/tag/1.0.0

Build guide and get started instructions can be found at:
https://brpc.apache.org/docs/getting_started

The vote will be open for at least 72 hours or until the necessary number
of votes is reached.

Please vote accordingly:
[ ] +1 approve
[ ] +0 no opinion
[ ] -1 disapprove with the reason

Regards,
Lorin Lee
Apache brpc community
  1. Apache Incubator community announcement of vote result template

Title:

[Result] [VOTE] Release Apache brpc 1.0.0

Content:

Hi Incubator Community,

Thanks to everyone that participated. The vote to release Apache
brpc version 1.0.0 in general@incubator.apache.org
is now closed.

Vote thread: xxx

The vote PASSED with 3 binding +1, 3 non binding +1 and no -1 votes:

Binding votes:
- xxx 
- yyy 
- zzz 

Non-binding votes:
- aaa
- bbb
- ccc

Many thanks for all our mentors helping us with the release procedure,
and all IPMC helped us to review and vote for Apache brpc release.
We will proceed with publishing the approved artifacts and
sending out the announcement soon.

Regards,
Lorin Lee
Apache brpc community

Finish the release

1. Move the release package from Apache SVN directory dist/dev to dist/release

svn mv https://dist.apache.org/repos/dist/dev/brpc/1.0.0 https://dist.apache.org/repos/dist/release/brpc/1.0.0 -m "release brpc 1.0.0"

2. Create github release

  1. On the GitHub Releases page Click the corresponding version of to create a new Release
  2. Edit the version number and version description, and click Publish release

3. Update download page

After waiting and confirming that the new release is synchronized to the Apache image, update the following page: https://brpc.apache.org/docs/downloadbrpc/ by change the code in https://github.com/apache/brpc-website/. Please update both Chinese and English.

The download links of GPG signature files and hash check files should use this prefix: https://downloads.apache.org/brpc/

The download link of the code package should use this prefix: https://dlcdn.apache.org/brpc/

4. Send email to announce release finished

Send mail to dev@brpc.apache.org, general@incubator.apache.org, and announce@apache.org to announce the completion of release.

Note: The email account must use personal apache email, and the email content must be plain text format (“plain text mode” can be selected in gmail). And email to announce@apache.org mail group will be delivered after manual review. Please wait patiently after sending the email, and it will be passed within one day.

The announcement email template:

Title:

[ANNOUNCE] Apache brpc 1.0.0 released

Content:

Note: Brief notes of this release It is only necessary to list the main changes of this release, without corresponding contributors and PR numbers. It is recommended to refer to the previous announcement email.

Hi all,

The Apache brpc community is glad to announce the new release
of Apache brpc 1.0.0.

brpc is an Industrial-grade RPC framework using C++ Language, which is
often used in high performance systems such as Search, Storage,
Machine learning, Advertisement, Recommendation etc.

Brief notes of this release:
- xxx
- yyy
- zzz

More details regarding Apache brpc can be found at:
http://brpc.apache.org/

The release is available for download at:
https://brpc.apache.org/docs/downloadbrpc/

The release notes can be found here:
https://github.com/apache/brpc/releases/tag/1.0.0

Website: http://brpc.apache.org/

brpcResources:
- Issue: https://github.com/apache/brpc/issues/
- Mailing list: dev@brpc.apache.org
- Documents: https://brpc.apache.org/docs/

We would like to thank all contributors of the Apache brpc community and
Incubating community who made this release possible!

Best Regards,
Apache brpc community

5. Publish WeChat official account announcement

Reference https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/DeFhpAV_AYsn_Xd1ylPTSg.

6. Update master branch

After the release is completed, merge the release branch into the master branch

Last modified September 19, 2023: add execution queue (#157) (abc4632)